It is important to always use nail guns with caution and to recognize that training in proper nail gun use is necessary. Key elements for preventing unintentional injuries associated with nail gun use include the following:
- Use a nail gun with a sequential-trip trigger mechanism and do not disable safety features.
- Review all precautions and warnings before using a nail gun.
- Keep co-workers and bystanders away from the immediate work area.
- Never point the tool at anyone, even if it is empty or disconnected from the air supply.
- Keep hands and fingers out of the line of fire and aim the gun away from the body.
- Make sure the tool is placed firmly against the work piece.
- Never carry the tool with a finger on the trigger.
- Never assume the tool is empty.
- Always disconnect the tool before clearing jams or performing other maintenance.
- Always wear appropriate personal protective equipment, including eye protection.
- Only qualified employees who carry a valid operator’s card are permitted to operate powder-actuated tools. Training can be arranged through the manufacturers’ representative or by calling Safety at x4-2800.
- Always wear appropriate personal protective equipment, including eye and ear protection.
- Prior to use, inspect the tool to determine that it is in proper working condition.
- Make sure any tool found not to be in working condition is immediately removed from service, tagged “Defective” and not used until it has been repaired.
- Use only fasteners and power loads recommended by the tool manufacturer for a particular tool.
- Do not load tools until just prior to firing. If the work is interrupted after loading, unload the tool immediately.
- Never point a loaded or unloaded tool at any person.
- Always keep hands and feet clear of the open barrel end.
- Hold the tool perpendicular to the work surface when fastening into any material, except for specific applications recommended by the tool manufacturer.
- In the event of a misfire, hold the tool firmly against the work surface for a period of 30 seconds and then follow the instructions set forth in the manufacturer’s instructions.
- Store all powder-actuated tools in a lockable container labeled “Powder-Actuated Tool”.
- Never leave a loaded tool unattended. Never use it in an explosive or flammable atmosphere.
- Never drive fasteners into very hard or brittle materials including, but not limited to, cast iron, glazed tile, hardened steel, glass block, natural rock, hollow tile or most brick.
- Never drive fasteners into easily penetrated or thin materials or materials of questionable resistance unless backed by a material that will prevent the fastener from passing through the other side.
- Never drive fasteners closer than 1/2-inch (13 mm) from the edge of steel except for specific applications recommended by the tool manufacturer.
- Never drive fasteners closer than 3-inches (76 mm) from the unsupported edge of masonry materials except for specific applications recommended by the tool manufacturer.
- Never drive fasteners into concrete unless material thickness is at least three times the fastener shank penetration.
- Never drive fasteners into any spalled (brittle) area.